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Bachelor of Dental Surgery Courses Description

Bachelor of Dental Surgery Courses Description

1) PHY 181                  Physics / Dentistry                                                                  (3 cr. /hrs.)

The course is designed to cover the basic concepts in most branches of classical mechanics, electricity and thermodynamics as well as some of modern physics concepts applicable to x-ray, lasers and radioactivity. X-ray, lasers, radioactivity and applications of these concepts in dentistry will also be covered.

2) PHC 145                  General Chemistry / Dentistry                                               (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course presents the fundamentals of certain topics in general chemistry. It includes two major parts: Part I is the general part, and Part II is the organic part. The general part will introduce the student to basic aspects of general chemistry, i.e. the atomic structures, electronic configuration, periodic table of elements, chemistry of metals, and the fundamentals of chemical bonds and chemical reactions. The organic part covers some important areas in organic chemistry, which include aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, stereochemistry, as well as some functional groups, e.g.: alcohols, phenols and carbonyl compounds.

3) PHC 155                  Biochemistry / Dentistry                                                        (4 cr. /hrs.)

The course is designed to provide a comprehensive survey of the major topics in biochemistry.  It explores how the structure of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, and vitamins relates to their function. Metabolism and energy production as well as biosynthesis of small and macromolecules is discussed. Special topics such as Calcium metabolism, bone mineralization, and Dental caries are included.

4) PHC252                   Pharmacology-I / Dentistry                                                    (2 cr. /hrs.)

This course will introduce the general aspects of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Students will also learn basic pharmacotherapy for relevant disorders of cardiovascular system, Central Nervous System CNS, endocrine system, gastrointestinal system, including asthma and drugs of abuse that are pertinent to practice of dentistry.

5) PHC253                   Pharmacology-II / Dentistry                                                  (2 cr. /hrs.)

This course is designed to teach the students the various drugs used to control the pain and anxiety of dental patients as well as those used for treatment of different oral conditions. A special emphasis is made on the clinical indications, dosage, potential side effects and drug-interactions. The course will also highlight the importance of standard practice in prescription writing to ensure both effectiveness of the treatment and patient safety.

6) BDS101                   English for Special Purposes – Dentistry                                 (3 cr./hrs.)

This course aims at preparing the students of Dentistry College to cope with the kind of English needed in the real life situations and field of specializations in the future. It enables the students to practice the four skills. The course develops the students' competence through using the language resource room, CD ROMs, the internet and some other audio-visual facilities.

7) BDS 201                  Psychology and Behavioral Sciences                                      (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course aims at providing dentistry students with an insight of psychology, and helps them to observe, evaluate and explain the behavior of people in relation to oral/dental health care in particular. The students are provided with information regarding basic psychological concepts, psychological disturbances and disorders, management techniques and their application specifically in the field of dentistry and healthcare. It is designed to be helpful to dental students by providing them an understanding of the people (patients and dental team members) they will come across in their dental practice/career. This will allow them to better understand the feelings and thoughts of their patients and help them relax and be comfortable during dental treatments.

8) BDS 102                  Integrated Biological Sciences - I                                            (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course deals with the study of two complementary branches of biology, human anatomy and human physiology which provide the basic concepts helping dental students understand how the human body is developed, the way it is built up and how it works. Objectives of this course are to develop the foundational knowledge and basic concepts necessary to independently perform the diagnostic and clinical skills.

9) BDS 104                  Integrated Biological Sciences-II                                            (4 cr. /hrs.)

This course is intended to help the dental students to understand the basic concepts of Anatomy and Physiology simultaneously, with emphasis on topics related to the dental practice. The course covers the study of the main body systems with great emphasis on the applied and the practical aspects. The teaching tools include CD presentations, Power Point presentations, videotapes and Internet explorations.

10) BDS 103                Histology and Cell Biology                                                      (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course provides students with general knowledge about the cell and various cellular organelles, and the characteristic structure of each organelle that enable it to perform essential functions within the cell. The students are also provided with wide knowledge concerning the morphological features of the four primary tissues and recognize their roles in forming organs. A basic knowledge of cell division, general embryology and genetics integrates the above information.

11) BDS 105                Oral Histology                                                                         (4 cr. /hrs.)

This course describes in details the development and structure of the oral cavity and teeth. Students are provided with the basic concepts of oro-facial development and structures. The microscopic, histological and ultrastructural organizations of soft and hard oral tissues are studied in details. A considerable knowledge of functional and clinical correlation is also stressed.

12) BDS 106                Head and Neck Anatomy I                                                      (3 cr. /hrs.)

The course is intended to help the dental student to study and understand the basic terms and facts about the gross anatomy of the head and neck region of human body. The course includes the study of the detailed structures of the skull, the head and their nerve and blood supply. The course also includes full descriptions of the various muscles and glands of the face, orbit, nasal cavity, oral cavity, floor of the mouth, palate and tongue. In general, the course will provide the dental student with the fundamental detailed structures of the skull and head as related to dental practice.

13) BDS 202                Head and Neck Anatomy II                                                     (3 cr. /hrs.)

The course deals with the description of the head and neck region including brain and spinal cord. The main elements are the nerves and vessels, lymphatic drainage, fascial spaces and muscles of neck, the pharynx and larynx with special reference to the anatomical basis of the 

management of upper airway obstruction and related radiology. Further it provides the relevant details of pain physiology, brain, spinal cord their development and cranial nerves function and test. In general, the course will provide the basis to the dental practice involving the anatomical structures.

14) BDS 203    Microbiology and Immunology                                                           (4 cr. /hrs.)

The course covers the fundamentals of microbiology with emphasis on oral microbiota, pathogens and defense mechanisms in the dental environment. The basics of immunology including the immune system and organisms of medical and dental significance; virus structure and classification, viral pathogenesis and mechanisms of host defense; hygiene covering pathogenesis of bacterial, infections, etiology, clinical picture, lab diagnosis, treatment, prevention and control of diseases caused by the different bacteria, are also discussed.

15) BDS 204                Pathology                                                                                (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course covers the fundamentals of the basic disease process in the body. Students are provided with gross, microscopic and biochemical features of different pathological conditions. Objectives of this course are to study and understand different pathogenic processes in details in order to establish a sound foundation for clinical practice in dentistry. Teaching tools include power point plus projection, practical lessons with CD presentations and internet explorations.

16) BDS 206                General Medicine                                                                    (4 cr. /hrs.)

This comprehensive course covers topics specific to the medical field, with interest to medically compromised patient as related to dental care. Students are provided with basic concept of general medical and infectious diseases. Teaching tools include: power point plus projection, practical lessons with CD presentations and internet explorations.

17) BDS 207                General Surgery and ENT                                                        (2 cr. /hrs.)

The course is intended to help dental students to study and understand the basic principles of surgery and ENT in relation to Dentistry and Oral and maxillofacial Surgery. The course includes the knowledge of the theoretical and practical approaches to the assessment of surgical and how to perform an effective risk assessment preoperatively based on the information obtained from case history, clinical examination, investigations in relation to the anaesthetic potential risks and also the invasiveness of the planned surgery. Also, the student will identify the pathology of tumors, cysts, fistulae, sinuses and ulcer in head and neck region. Information about trauma, tissue repairs and preoperative management of inpatients like administered fluids, water balance monitoring and indications and possible complications of blood transfusion are also included within the course. In addition, the student will study the various common diseases of the ear, nose, paranasal sinuses and pharynx. Finally, the students will learn the common postoperative complications seen in surgical patient whether due to anaesthesia, the surgical intervention or those initiated or aggravated by the existing morbid conditions of surgical patients.

18) BDS 208                Introduction to Oral and Dental Diseases                             (3 cr. /hrs.)

This is an introduction to profession of dentistry. This course provides students with knowledge and understanding of oral and dental diseases, their etiology, pathogenesis and different stages of these lesions and their clinical manifestations.

19) BDS 209                Dental Anatomy and Occlusion                                              (4 cr. /hrs.)

This course deals with nomenclature as related to the morphology of the natural dentition. It includes theory related to the morphology of the deciduous and permanent teeth in the human dentition and features related to the normal occlusion. Laboratory exercises include 

wax-adding and carving to build up the crowns of permanent teeth, analyze occlusal patterns and correct occlusal disharmonies. Its significance is integrated with dental treatment in Operative dentistry, Endodontics, Prosthodontics, Periodontics and Orthodontics. This course will help students in diagnosing dental disorders affecting the crowns or roots of human teeth and thus forms a basic foundation to the understanding of clinical dentistry. The study of occlusion part of this course involves the whole masticatory system, it includes the static relationship of teeth as well as the functional inter-relationship between teeth, periodontal, tissue, jaws, temporomandibular joints (TMJ), muscles and nervous system.

20) BDS 205                Biomaterials                                                                            (2 cr. /hrs.)

The course is designed to provide students with knowledge to define and memorize the physical, chemical, and biological properties of dental materials. The program emphasizes on employment of concepts in modern materials science to solve problem of dental treatment.

21) BDS 211                Oral Radiology-I                                                                      (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course discusses the basic principles of X-ray production, the biological effects of ionizing radiation and radiation safety. This course demonstrates the intra oral and extra oral radiographic techniques and prepare the Students learn to take and interpret radiographs, and perform initial screening, examination and diagnosis. The course is integrated with different dental specialties. Objectives of this course are to develop the fundamental knowledge of x-ray production and skill to independently perform the radiographs and interpretation of radiographic normal anatomy.

22) BDS 301                Pre-Clinical Operative Dentistry I                                           (3 cr. /hrs.)

The main components of this course are the principles of cavity preparation for the currently available restorations according to their physical and manipulative characteristics and the steps of cavity restorations. The restorative department during the two semesters of the third year provides them.

23) BDS 309                Pre-clinical Operative Dentistry II                                          (3 cr. /hrsr.)

This course consists of two main components, the principle of cavity preparations for the currently available restorations and their physical and manipulative characteristics and cavity restorations. The restorative department provide the two course components during the fall and spring semesters of the third year.

24) BDS 302                Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics I                                                  (4 cr. /hrs.)

This is a dental technology course consists of lectures and pre-clinical laboratory practical sessions. Terminology, nomenclature, theories, principles, concepts and basic techniques necessary for the construction of complete denture service will be presented. The course is designed to prepare the student to understand the biological, esthetic and mechanical aspects of complete dentures treatments. Correlation of basic science concepts as related to mechanical and clinical conditions will be stressed.

25) BDS 310                Pre-Clinical Prosthodontics II                                                 (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course provides both didactic and practical sessions in dental technology. Students will be introduced to the dental skills laboratory (phantom head or the simulator). Lectures cover all the procedures of teeth preparation for fixed restorations, and the use of equipment and instruments needed for the construction of all types of fixed prosthodontics. More emphasis will be directed to the principles of tooth preparation. Included in the course practical sessions for the training of the students on how to prepare abutment teeth, apply impression techniques and making provisional restorations.

26) BDS 303                Pre-Clinical Endodontics I                                                       (2 cr. /hrs.)

The theoretical part covers topics which include an introduction to the subject, anatomy and morphology of the root canal system, access cavity preparation, cleaning and shaping of the root canal systems and it lays emphasis on possessing thorough knowledge of the various endodontic instruments. The pre-clinical practical component focuses on the treatment of anterior and premolar teeth.  This prepares and enables students to be competent in treatment of clinical endodontic cases in the next year.

27) BDS 311             Pre-Clinical Endodontics II                                                          (2 cr. /hrs.)

The theoretical part covers topics which include root canal obturation, endodontic microbiology, endodontic mishaps management, pulp and periapical pathology, diagnosis and diagnostic procedures. The pre-clinical lab/practical component focuses on performing endodontic procedures on molars. This prepares the students to perform basic endodontic procedures prior to entering the clinics in next year.

28) BDS 210               Four Handed Dentistry and Infection Control                         (2 cr. /hrs.)

Four Handed Dentistry

This course describes the concept and advantages of four handed dentistry. It describes the ergonomic position for the patient, dental assistant and doctor and explain the responsibilities of the dental assistant during clinical dental work. The course also describes the ergonomic arrangement of dental clinic.

Infection Control:

This course explains the different ways of transmission of infectious diseases and emphasis on the immunization of all oral health care providers. The course describes the sterilization methods in dental practice, application of protective barriers, personal protective equipment and infection control during all clinical dental procedures.

29) BDS 407                Preventive Dentistry and Nutrition                                        (4 cr. /hrs.)

The Preventive Dentistry and Nutrition course introduces the student to the principles and methods of prevention including information on etiology of dental caries, periodontal diseases and methods of preventing and controlling dental diseases through a preventive treatment plan and health education programs. In addition, this course provides the students with a basic knowledge of the essential nutrient materials in both health and disease, and discusses the role of the nutrition on the development, prevention and treatment of the oral and dental diseases.

30) BDS 305                Pre-Clinical Pediatric Dentistry I                                             (2 cr. /hrs.)

This course introduces pediatric dentistry as an essential branch of dentistry related to child patients mainly focusing on the development and growth of oral/facial structures of children and recognizing the chronology of primary and permanent dentition. Different types of dental anomalies have been described with their genetic aspects. Child abuse and neglect are discussed in relation to pediatric dentistry. Psychological management, examination, diagnosis and treatment planning of child patient are introduced.

31) BDS 312                Pre-Clinical Pediatric Dentistry II                                           (2 cr. /hrs.)

This course discusses radiographic as well as local anesthetic techniques used for child patient which needs specific modifications. Management and treatment of dental caries with different types of cavity preparations have been discussed. Also it describes vital and non –vital pulp therapy for primary teeth which considered an important issue in restoration and prevention of primary teeth extraction. On the other hand in case of loss of the primary teeth it is necessary to plan arch space analysis and construction of space maintainer to prevent space loss.

32) BDS 313                Pre-Clinical Orthodontics                                                        (2 cr. /hrs.)

The course will introduce the third year dental student to the fundamentals of orthodontics, including topics on the concepts of growth and development of the craniofacial structures, etiology of orthodontic problems, biological basis of orthodontic therapy, and clinical features of different malocclusions. This course is also designed to give the student a basic understanding of the skills required to fabricate removable orthodontic appliances that are typically indicated for limited tooth movement and retention in interceptive orthodontics.

33) BDS 306                Pre-Clinical Periodontics-I                                                      (1 cr. /hrs.)

This course describes in details the anatomy of periodontium and associated structures. Students are provided with the basic concepts of periodontal health. The microscopic, histological and ultrastructural organizations of soft and hard oral tissues are studied in detail. Basic knowledge of functional and clinical correlation is also stressed.

34) BDS 314                Pre-Clinical Periodontics-II                                                     (2 cr. /hrs.)

In this course lectures and practical training are given to students to expose them to immune response (host response) and periodontal pathogenesis. A complete spectrum of periodontal lesions and their pathogenicity, plaque control, trauma from occlusion, food impaction and halitosis are to be stressed.

35) BDS 307                Pre-clinical Oral Surgery-I and Pain Control                          (2 cr. /hrs.)

This preclinical course introduces the student to oral surgery and prepares him/her for clinical experience with dentoalveolar surgery. The student will learn to assess the patient, diagnose and treat basic oral surgical problems encountered in general practice. In addition, the goal of this course is to learn the pharmacology and toxicology of dental local anesthetic drugs and the proper techniques for their administration during dental extraction and related procedures.

36) BDS 315                Pre-Clinical Oral Surgery-II and C.P.R                                      (3 cr. /hrs.)

The purpose of this course is to prepare the student to recognize advanced oral and maxillofacial surgery problems. Upon the completion of this course, the student will be able to formulate diagnosis and treatment plans in order to provide surgical care within the context of a patient-centered system of care delivery. In addition, this course will promote surgical principles and techniques to correct the pathologic conditions. The course also emphasizes the principles and application of skills in basic life support, external cardiac compression and the emergency medical systems. Students will learn how to evaluate and treat a patient who sustains cardiac arrest in the dental office or an airway obstruction, through the techniques of CPR and Foreign Body Airway Obstruction.

37) BDS 308                Oral Pathology-I                                                                      (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course deals with the understanding of the basic disease processes affecting the head and neck regions. The etiopathogenesis, clinical features and histopathologic features of developmental disorders, non-odontogenic and odontogenic lesions, cysts and infections related to the teeth, their supporting structures, jaw bones and soft tissues in and around the oral cavity will be dealt with. It also includes the oral manifestations of systemic diseases, like mucocutaneous disorders. The differential diagnosis and prognosis of various pathologies will also be considered.

38) BDS 316                Oral Pathology-II                                                                     (3 cr. /hrs.)

This course is a continuation of Oral Pathology I. Students will continue learning the etiopathogenesis, clinical features and histopathologic features of non-odontogenic and odontogenic lesions, cysts and tumours related to the teeth, their supporting structures, jaw bones and soft tissues in and around the oral cavity. The oral manifestations of physical and 

chemical injuries to the oral tissues will also be detailed. The differential diagnosis and prognosis of various pathologies will also be considered.

39) BDS 304                Oral Radiology-II                                                                       (2 cr. /hrs.)

The course deals with the acquisition and interpretation of radiographic imaging studies performed for diagnosis of conditions affecting the oral and maxillofacial region and assist in treatment planning.

40) BDS 401                Clinical Operative Dentistry-I                                                 (2 cr. /hrs.)

The course of operative dentistry consists of the diagnosis, prevention, treatment, and prognosis of the diseases and injuries inflicted upon the teeth. The course also includes the study of basic concepts of restoration relation to oral and dental tissues and the various restorative materials. The curriculum includes both didactic and clinical components over a period of two semesters, and involves a clinical training program. The clinical training program for two semesters involves a clinical application of principles and skills acquired, based on a comprehensive approach in the oral health care.


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